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Energetic materials described
Exotoxicology described
TTCP and KTA 4-28 described
KTA 4-28
KTA 4-32
Documents pertinent to the characterization of EM-contaminated sites
Characterization Approaches
Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment
Fate and Transport
Links to organisations involved in characterization of EM-contaminated sites
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Welcome to the Environmental Fate and Effects of Energetic Materials, the official web site of the TTCP KTA 4-28 and 4-32 working groups. This site was designed to share information developed by the members of the KTA 4-28 and KTA 4-32 with scientists, engineers, risk assessors, site managers, regulators, and other stakeholders from TTCP member countries who are involved in management of defense installations in a sustainable manner, and in the knowledge-based decision making.  


KTA 4-28 was initiated in 1998 by leading international experts in characterization of sites contaminated with energetic materials (EM). The main goal of the KTA 4-28 working group was to provide the international community with a comprehensive and thorough protocol reviewing all the aspects of sites characterization involving EM. This protocol is meant to be a living document reporting all the latest developments in site assessment, sampling techniques and cutting-edge technologies related to EM analysis. The second goal of the KTA 4-28 working group was to provide the international community with ecotoxicological soil quality data. This task could not be completed during the KTA 4-28 and gave rise to KTA 4-32, which was led by scientists from the the US Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center and the Biotechnology Research Institute.


th July 2009: A new book entitled "Ecotoxicology of Explosives" was published by CRC Press

in June 2009. Written by leading experts in the field, this book details the current state-of-the-science of the ecotoxicology of explosives. The book provides a detailed discussion of environmental impacts, including coverage of ecotoxicological effects measurement in different species, environmental risk assessment procedures for sites contaminated with explosives, modeling, and case studies. The book also covers how ecotoxicological data can be used towards the development of Environmental Tolerance Values (ETV) for Defense Sites Contaminated with Energetic Materials (EM), presents both essential chemistry and background information plus the results of research on EM ecotoxicology and risk assessment. It provides management tools valuable for sustaining range activities while ensuring environmental stewardship and regulatory compliance, and constitutes one of the final products of the Key Technical Area (KTA) 4-32.

Link to the Book on CRC Press


Link to the Book on Amazon



4th March 2009: Added the CAS numbers to the Energetic Materials Table.


26th February 2009: Modified the Documents section so that it is now separated in three main categories of documents.


30th December 2008: Added the Environmental Tolerance Values in the Ecotoxicology section.


29th December 2008: Added a table of the main energetic materials in the Energetic Materials section.


9th December 2008: Added a sub-section called "Web-based Resources for Toxicity Reference Value (TRV) and Assessment of Risks of Munition Constituents (MC) to Wildlife" in the Ecotoxicology section.


9th December 2008: Added a link to the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) and to the Edgewood Chemical Biological Center websites in the Related Links section


4th December 2008: Added the Environmental Sustainability Indices in the Ecotoxicology section.


24th November 2008:  Added the document "Development of Ecological and Human Health Preliminary Soil Quality Guidelines for Energetic Materials to Ensure Training Sustainability of Canadian Forces" in the Online Documents section


24th November 2008:  Added links to the Adaptive Risk Assessment Modeling System, CLU-IN, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Ecological Risk Analysis Program and to the US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine websites in the Related Links section


2nd September 2008:  Publication of the draft version of the site integrating the work done through KTA 4-32 (still under construction)


8th April 2005: Completed the Other Relevant Documents section


7th April 2005: Added link to FATE website in the Related Links section


21th March 2005:  www.em-guidelines.org is launched.


18th November 2004: A new SERDP interim report of Distribution and Fate of Energetics on DoD Test and Training Ranges: Interim Report 4 was released in November. This document can be downloaded at the SERDP web site.



Last Updated: August 13th 2009 - Feedback